This is a room for preparation of food stuff and cooking food for family members and occasional guests. Adequate light, proper ventilation and necessary arrangements must be made for the house wife or cook. Cleanliness is a must. Safety against fire hazards must be kept. The supply of water in the kitchen sink and to a tap within the kitchen must be ensured. A platform of suitable height should be provided in the kitchen for installation or placement of a cooking range or chullah or stove so that the cook can prepare the food in standing position with comfort. A cabinet or a rack for storing raw food stuff, grains and spices should be provide within the reach of the cook so that his/her movement during cooking is kept as minimum as possible.
The size of a kitchen and its shape should be planned by keeping in view the allocation of spaces as mentioned above. The kitchen should be located close to the dinning space and it should have individual access from bed rooms. It is preferred not to locate the kitchen very close to the bed moms. It should never be placed on the front side of the building. It is normally built on North-East or North-West of a building. The minimum width of a kitchen is 5 to 6 feet. A small kitchen (kitchenette) size is 5 feet x 8 feet with a separate storage space. The normal size of a kitchen is 8 feet X 10 feet or 8 feet X 12 feet. A kitchen must have a smoke outlet and if possible, should be provided with an exhaust fan.